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1991


Payne Stewart

Payne Stewart gained four strokes in the final three holes of an 18-hole playoff with Scott Simpson to win the U.S. Open, played at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota.

Stewart shot a 3-over-par 75 on the dry, hard greens at Hazeltine, but it was two strokes better than Simpson, who for the second day in a row, let his second Open Championship slip away on holes 16 through 18 was. For the Championship, Simpson played holes 16, 17 and 18 in eight over par; Stewart played them in one under par.

"After the 15th hole, I thought I had a great chance again, " commented Simpson, who let a two-shot lead disappear on the closing holes of the final regulation round Sunday to force a playoff. "It's very disappointing to lose the U.S. Open two days in a two."

Stewart, conversely, played the closing holes much better, and in the playoff made his only birdie, a remarkable one, on the 16th, to close Simpson's lead to a single stroke. "The only thing I can say is that it came at the right time," said Stewart, who, along with Simpson, had set himself apart from the rest of the field at 282, six under par, after four rounds, three strokes lower than Larry Nelson and Fred Couples, who shared third place money at 285. The low amateur, for the second consecutive year, was Phil Mickelson, who finished at 300.

Stewart either led or shared the lead after each round. His best effort was an opening 67 which tied him for the lead with Nolan Henke. But Thursday's first round was interrupted around 1 p.m. by a severe storm. Lightning struck six people seeking shelter near the 11th tee, and William Fadell, 27, of Spring Park, Minnesota, was killed.

The playoff was the 30th in Open history and the third in the last four years.

OPEN RECORDS


Starts - 16

Best Finish - Winner 1991, '99

Rds - 57

Cuts Made - 12

Top 3 - 4

Top 5 - 5

Top 10 - 7

Top 25 - 9

Avg. - 71.58

Scores In 60s - 12

Rds Under Par -15

Earnings - $1,455,880.45
Historical Notes
On Oct. 4, 1895, the first U.S. Open Championship was conducted by the United States Golf Association on the nine-hole course of Newport (R.I.) Golf and Country Club.
The first U.S. Open was considered something of a sideshow to the first U.S. Amateur, which was played on the same course and during the same week. Both championships had been scheduled for September but were postponed because of a conflict with a more established Newport sports spectacle, the America's Cup yacht races.
Ten professionals and one amateur started in the 36-hole competition, which was four trips around the Newport course in one day. The surprise winner was Horace Rawlins, 21, an English professional who was the assistant at the host course. Rawlins scored 91-82-173 with the gutta-percha ball.
Prize money totalled $335, of which Rawlins won the $150 first prize. He also received a gold medal and custody of the Open Championship Cup for his club for one year.
In its first decade, the U.S. Open was conducted for amateurs and the largely British wave of immigrant golf professionals coming to the United States.
As American players began to dominate the game, the U.S. Open evolved into an important world golf championship. Young John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner in 1911 and repeated as champion in 1912.
In 1913, the U.S. Open really took off when Francis Ouimet, a 20-year-old American amateur, stunned the golf world by defeating famous English professionals, Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, in a playoff.
Another surge in the championship's popularity coincided with the amazing career of Georgia amateur Bob Jones, who won the U.S. Open four times (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930). Spectator tickets were sold for the first time in 1922 and a boom in entries caused the USGA to introduce sectional qualifying in 1924.
In 1933, John Goodman became the fifth and last amateur to win the U.S. Open. The others were Ouimet, Jerome D. Travers (1915), Charles Evans Jr., (1916), and Jones.
In each era, the world's greatest players have been identified by surviving the rigorous examination provided by the U.S. Open. Ben Hogan's steely determination boosted him to four victories (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953). Arnold Palmer's record comeback win in 1960, when he fired a final round of 65 to come from seven strokes off the lead, cemented his dashing image. Jack Nicklaus' historic assault on the professional record book began when he won the first of his four U.S. Open Championships in 1962, his rookie season as a professional.
Nicklaus, who also won in 1967, 1972, and 1980, is one of only four golfers to win four U.S. Opens. The others are Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), Jones and Hogan.
In 1954, the U.S. Open course was roped from tee to green for the first time. That year also marked the first national television coverage. Coverage was expanded by ABC Sports in 1977 so that all 18 holes of the final two rounds were broadcast live. In 1982, on the ESPN cable network, the first two rounds were broadcast live for the first time. NBC began televising the U.S. Open in 1995.
The format of the U.S. Open has changed several times. The USGA extended the championship to 72 holes in 1898, with 36 holes played on each of two days. In 1926, the format was changed to 18 holes played each of two days, then 36 holes on the third day. In 1965, the present format of four 18-hole daily rounds was implemented for the first time.
In 2002, a two-tee (Nos. 1 and 10) start was used for the first and second rounds. In addition, Bethpage State Park's Black Course in Farmingdale, N.Y., was the first facility owned by the public to host a U.S. Open. International qualifying sites were added in 2005 and the champion at Pinehurst Resort in N.C. was Michael Campbell, who qualified in England.