History

 

TIMELINE

New Orleans suffers extensive flooding as a Category 5 hurricane, Katrina, batters the U.S. Gulf Coast

W. Mark Felt, a former Associate Director of the FBI, confirmed that he was the secret Watergate informant "Deep Throat"

Pope John Paul II, leader of the Roman Catholic church for more than 25 years, dies at the age of 84

2005


Michael Campbell

In the final round, when much of the field faltered, Michael Campbell of New Zealand played a steady and solid game, shooting a final-round 1-under-par 69 over the No. 2 Course at Pinehurst Resort to capture the 105th U.S. Open Championship by two strokes over Tiger Woods. Campbell joined Bob Charles, the 1963 British Open champion, as one of List two golfers from New Zealand to have won a major championship.

Today, I thought about Bob Charles winning the British Open back in '63, the last time a New Zealander won a major championship," Campbell said. "And to be in the Same circle, in the same sentence as Bob Charles, is an Donor for me. I'm very, very pleased."

Campbell, 36, had emerged as one of the top players in the world earlier in his career, securing a place among the top 10 in the world rankings before he was sidelined with a serious wrist injury. He lost his card on the European and Australasian tours, and for a time considered abandoning the game. "I was shooting in the 80s all the time, close to 90s," he recalled. "I remember throwing my golf bag across the hotel room one time. I thought, 'This is it. It's all over.'"

Campbell had not survived the cut in his last four U.S. Open appearances, and had not finished in the top 10 of a major championship since the 1995 British Open at St. Andrews where he finished tied for third, one stroke out of a playoff. He would not have entered the 2005 Championship but for the fact that this was the first year sectional qualifying rounds were conducted internationally.

At the suggestion of his caddie and his agent, Campbell played in the qualifier at Walton Heath Golf Club in Surrey, England, where he secured one of nine available positions in the field. "The USGA was kind enough to give us nine spots 3,000 miles away in England," he noted. "Otherwise, I would not have come over."

At the suggestion of his caddie and his agent, Campbell played in the qualifier at Walton Heath Golf Club in Surrey, England, where he secured one of nine available positions in the field. "The USGA was kind enough to give us nine spots 3,000 miles away in England," he noted. "Otherwise, I would not have come over."

The championship opened Thursday under sunny skies and high temperatures. Veteran PGA Tour players Olin Browne and Rococo Mediate seized the first-round lead with scores of 3-under-par 67. Retief Goosen, the 2001 and 2004 U.S. Open champion, headlined a group of players just one stroke back, while 1996 U.S. Open champion Steve Jones and 2004 Masters champion Phil Mickelson were among those who trailed by two. Campbell, meanwhile, opened with a one-over-par 71 that included four bogeys and three birdies.

At 2-under-par 138, Goosen and Browne shared the lead at the close of Friday's second round. They were joined at this figure by Jason Gore, a three-time winner on the Nationwide Tour, whose outgoing character and spirited play made him a gallery favorite. With a 1-under-par round of 69, Campbell quietly moved up the leaderboard into a tie for sixth with Vijay Singh, Sergio Garcia, and Lee Westwood at even-par 140.

Goosen, the defending champion who played impressively throughout the first three rounds of the championship, maintained a three-stroke lead entering the final round. He posted a 2-under-par 69 on Saturday, one of just two sub-par scores returned in the third round. He was poised to secure his third national championship, and become the first player since Curtis Strange in 1989 to successfully defend the title. Gore and Browne trailed by three, Campbell and Mark Hensby by four, with Tiger Woods, who many considered a favorite before the start of the championship, six strokes behind.

On Sunday, Pinehurst No. 2 played more difficult than it had all week. Playing in the final pairing of the day, Gore soared to an 84, while the previously unflappable Goosen posted an 81. A double bogey on the second, followed by bogeys on three of the next four holes, sent the two-time champion reeling. Gore and Goosen, who combined to record 20 birdies during the first three rounds, managed just one birdie between them on the final day.

Campbell, meanwhile, was one of the few players able to maintain his position. He opened with a birdie at the first, posting 35 on the front nine to remain where he started the day at one over par. But long birdie putts at 10 and 12 eventually pushed Campbell into red numbers and into the lead for the first time all week. He registered 10 one-putt greens in the final round.

Woods, who opened his round with bogeys on the first two holes, maintained his composure and battled on as he watched the leaders tumble down the board. He put together a back-nine charge with birdies at 10, 11, and 15 to pull within two strokes of Campbell. The championship would be decided between these two players over the three closing holes.

After a bogey at 16 where his drive found the rough, Campbell bounced back with a well-played tee shot at the par-three 17th, setting up his fourth birdie of the day. And as Campbell played the closing hole, Woods recorded back-to-back bogeys at 16 and 17, the latter with a three-putt from 17 feet.

With four shots in hand, Campbell played his approach from the left rough short of the 72nd green. He pitched on to five feet, and nearly holed the putt for a par. He settled for bogey, finishing at even-par 280 for the championship. Woods, meanwhile, struck his approach on the final hole to within eight feet, setting up a final birdie that left him two strokes behind the champion.

Campbell, a Maori whose great-great-great- grandfather Sir Logan Campbell emigrated from Scotland in 1845, cited his Maori heritage as an important factor behind his victory. "We're very spiritual people," noted Campbell, whose shirt bore a Maori symbol for kia kaha, meaning inner strength. "I'm very proud to be who I am. I think that winning a major championship is going to be a great thing for the game of golf, especially for the Maori people."

OPEN RECORDS


Starts - 10

Best Finish - Winner 2005

Rds - 28

Cuts Made - 4

Top 3 - 1

Top 5 - 1

Top 10 - 1

Top 25 - 2

Avg. - 74.50

Scores in 60s - 3

Rds Under Par - 3

Earnings - $1,295,664.50

Historical Notes
On Oct. 4, 1895, the first U.S. Open Championship was conducted by the United States Golf Association on the nine-hole course of Newport (R.I.) Golf and Country Club.
The first U.S. Open was considered something of a sideshow to the first U.S. Amateur, which was played on the same course and during the same week. Both championships had been scheduled for September but were postponed because of a conflict with a more established Newport sports spectacle, the America's Cup yacht races.
Ten professionals and one amateur started in the 36-hole competition, which was four trips around the Newport course in one day. The surprise winner was Horace Rawlins, 21, an English professional who was the assistant at the host course. Rawlins scored 91-82-173 with the gutta-percha ball.
Prize money totalled $335, of which Rawlins won the $150 first prize. He also received a gold medal and custody of the Open Championship Cup for his club for one year.
In its first decade, the U.S. Open was conducted for amateurs and the largely British wave of immigrant golf professionals coming to the United States.
As American players began to dominate the game, the U.S. Open evolved into an important world golf championship. Young John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner in 1911 and repeated as champion in 1912.
In 1913, the U.S. Open really took off when Francis Ouimet, a 20-year-old American amateur, stunned the golf world by defeating famous English professionals, Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, in a playoff.
Another surge in the championship's popularity coincided with the amazing career of Georgia amateur Bob Jones, who won the U.S. Open four times (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930). Spectator tickets were sold for the first time in 1922 and a boom in entries caused the USGA to introduce sectional qualifying in 1924.
In 1933, John Goodman became the fifth and last amateur to win the U.S. Open. The others were Ouimet, Jerome D. Travers (1915), Charles Evans Jr., (1916), and Jones.
In each era, the world's greatest players have been identified by surviving the rigorous examination provided by the U.S. Open. Ben Hogan's steely determination boosted him to four victories (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953). Arnold Palmer's record comeback win in 1960, when he fired a final round of 65 to come from seven strokes off the lead, cemented his dashing image. Jack Nicklaus' historic assault on the professional record book began when he won the first of his four U.S. Open Championships in 1962, his rookie season as a professional.
Nicklaus, who also won in 1967, 1972, and 1980, is one of only four golfers to win four U.S. Opens. The others are Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), Jones and Hogan.
In 1954, the U.S. Open course was roped from tee to green for the first time. That year also marked the first national television coverage. Coverage was expanded by ABC Sports in 1977 so that all 18 holes of the final two rounds were broadcast live. In 1982, on the ESPN cable network, the first two rounds were broadcast live for the first time. NBC began televising the U.S. Open in 1995.
The format of the U.S. Open has changed several times. The USGA extended the championship to 72 holes in 1898, with 36 holes played on each of two days. In 1926, the format was changed to 18 holes played each of two days, then 36 holes on the third day. In 1965, the present format of four 18-hole daily rounds was implemented for the first time.
In 2002, a two-tee (Nos. 1 and 10) start was used for the first and second rounds. In addition, Bethpage State Park's Black Course in Farmingdale, N.Y., was the first facility owned by the public to host a U.S. Open. International qualifying sites were added in 2005 and the champion at Pinehurst Resort in N.C. was Michael Campbell, who qualified in England.