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1977


Hubert Green

Hubert Green, 30, held or shared the lead in all four rounds of the Championship at the Southern Hills Country Club, Tulsa, Oklahoma and scored 278, two under par; Lou Graham, the 1975 Champion, was second with 279. Graham's scores of 68-68-136 for the last two rounds equaled an Open record. Green had rounds of 69, 67, 72, 70. Another Open record fell when seven players tied for the first-round lead with 69, one under par. Green shared the 18-hole lead with Tom Purtzer, Terry Diehl, Rod Funseth, Grier Jones, Florentino Molina, and Larry Nelson.

After 36 holes Green held the lead alone with 136. Terry Diehl was second at 137 and Tom Purtzer was third at 138. Green shot a 72 in the third round and led Andy Bean by one stroke with 208. Bean shot 68 for 209. Six players tied at 210, even par, and four more were at 211. As the final round began, 12 players were within two strokes of one another.

When Green began the final round with birdies at the third and fourth holes, he was four under par and led by four strokes. Green lost strokes on both the ninth and tenth holes and was then two under par. Graham then score four birdies on the second nine and missed still another from eight feet on the 17th, or 71st hole of the Championship. Green birdied the 16th after playing a wedge shot only two feet from the hole, followed with a par 4 on the 17th, and lost another stroke at the 18th where he drove into the rough and hit his approach into a bunker. He holed a three-foot putt to avoid a playoff with Graham, who had already finished. Tom Weiskopf finished third with 281.

Prize money reached $284,990 with $227,990 awarded in the Championship proper and $15,000 in Sectional Qualifying Championships. Entries reached 4,726, a record.

OPEN RECORDS


Starts - 19

Best Finish - Winner 1977

Rds - 62

Cuts Made - 12

Top 3 - 1

Top 5 - 1

Top 10 - 3

Top 25 - 5

Avg. - 73.73

Scores In 60s - 10

Rds Under Par - 11

Earnings - $98,791.25
Historical Notes
On Oct. 4, 1895, the first U.S. Open Championship was conducted by the United States Golf Association on the nine-hole course of Newport (R.I.) Golf and Country Club.
The first U.S. Open was considered something of a sideshow to the first U.S. Amateur, which was played on the same course and during the same week. Both championships had been scheduled for September but were postponed because of a conflict with a more established Newport sports spectacle, the America's Cup yacht races.
Ten professionals and one amateur started in the 36-hole competition, which was four trips around the Newport course in one day. The surprise winner was Horace Rawlins, 21, an English professional who was the assistant at the host course. Rawlins scored 91-82-173 with the gutta-percha ball.
Prize money totalled $335, of which Rawlins won the $150 first prize. He also received a gold medal and custody of the Open Championship Cup for his club for one year.
In its first decade, the U.S. Open was conducted for amateurs and the largely British wave of immigrant golf professionals coming to the United States.
As American players began to dominate the game, the U.S. Open evolved into an important world golf championship. Young John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner in 1911 and repeated as champion in 1912.
In 1913, the U.S. Open really took off when Francis Ouimet, a 20-year-old American amateur, stunned the golf world by defeating famous English professionals, Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, in a playoff.
Another surge in the championship's popularity coincided with the amazing career of Georgia amateur Bob Jones, who won the U.S. Open four times (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930). Spectator tickets were sold for the first time in 1922 and a boom in entries caused the USGA to introduce sectional qualifying in 1924.
In 1933, John Goodman became the fifth and last amateur to win the U.S. Open. The others were Ouimet, Jerome D. Travers (1915), Charles Evans Jr., (1916), and Jones.
In each era, the world's greatest players have been identified by surviving the rigorous examination provided by the U.S. Open. Ben Hogan's steely determination boosted him to four victories (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953). Arnold Palmer's record comeback win in 1960, when he fired a final round of 65 to come from seven strokes off the lead, cemented his dashing image. Jack Nicklaus' historic assault on the professional record book began when he won the first of his four U.S. Open Championships in 1962, his rookie season as a professional.
Nicklaus, who also won in 1967, 1972, and 1980, is one of only four golfers to win four U.S. Opens. The others are Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), Jones and Hogan.
In 1954, the U.S. Open course was roped from tee to green for the first time. That year also marked the first national television coverage. Coverage was expanded by ABC Sports in 1977 so that all 18 holes of the final two rounds were broadcast live. In 1982, on the ESPN cable network, the first two rounds were broadcast live for the first time. NBC began televising the U.S. Open in 1995.
The format of the U.S. Open has changed several times. The USGA extended the championship to 72 holes in 1898, with 36 holes played on each of two days. In 1926, the format was changed to 18 holes played each of two days, then 36 holes on the third day. In 1965, the present format of four 18-hole daily rounds was implemented for the first time.
In 2002, a two-tee (Nos. 1 and 10) start was used for the first and second rounds. In addition, Bethpage State Park's Black Course in Farmingdale, N.Y., was the first facility owned by the public to host a U.S. Open. International qualifying sites were added in 2005 and the champion at Pinehurst Resort in N.C. was Michael Campbell, who qualified in England.