History

 

TIMELINE

Chernenko dies; Gorbachev chosen to lead

New Coke formula announced

Divers find Titanic wreck after 73 years

1985


Andy North

Andy North, 35, shot a final round 74 to win his second U.S. Open title at Oakland Hills Country Club in Birmingham, Michigan. The win makes North, who was the 1978 Open champion, the 15th player to win the Championship more than once. His total of 279, one under par, was one stroke better than that of Tze-Chung Chen, Denis Watson and Dave Barr. Lanny Wadkins, Payne Stewart and Severiano Ballesteros tied for fifth at 281. Chen recorded the first double-eagle in U.S. Open history on the second hole of the first round on his way to a course-record 65, one stroke better than Fred Couples. Five players were tied for third at one-under-par 69. Chen, 26, shot 69 in the second round to retain his one-stroke advantage; it was one of a record 24 sub-par rounds on the second day. His two-round total of 134 tied the Open record set by Jack Nicklaus in 1980. North, who shot 65, moved into a second place tie at 135 with Jay Haas, who shot 66. Rick Fehr was fourth at 136, two shots behind Chen. Watson, who also shot a round of 65, was three strokes off the lead. Chen tied another Open record the following day with another 69. His 54-hole total of 203 matched that of George Burns in 19981. Chen was two strokes ahead of North who shot 70. The rest of the field had fallen back. Barr was in third place, five strokes behind Chen. Chen built his lead to four strokes after just two holes of the final round and maintained his lead until the fifth hole. There Chen took a "double-par" eight, including a double-hit, and slipped to four under par, even with North. North opened a two-stroke lead over Barr and Stewart after eight holes but bogeyed the 9th, 10th and 11th to fall one stroke behind Barr who had birdied the 12th. North, Chen and Barr shared the lead after Chen birdied the 12th, North birdied the 13th and Barr bogeyed the 13th. Chen and Barr each bogeyed two of the remaining holes to finish at even par. North, who saved par on the 17th from the right greenside bunker, held a two-stroke lead as he played the 18th. North bogeyed the hole and won the Championship. Scott Verplank, the 1984 Amateur Champion, shot two rounds of 69 and was the low amateur at 289. Nicklaus missed the cut, breaking his string of 21 consecutive Opens in which he had played 72 holes. The USGA accepted record 5,274 entries for the Championship.

OPEN RECORDS


Starts - 21

Best Finish - Winner 1978 & '85

Rds - 66

Cuts Made - 12

Top 3 - 2

Top 5 - 2

Top 10 - 4

Top 25 - 8

Avg. - 73.17

Scores In 60s - 5

Rds Under Par - 12

Earnings - $203,568.88
Historical Notes
On Oct. 4, 1895, the first U.S. Open Championship was conducted by the United States Golf Association on the nine-hole course of Newport (R.I.) Golf and Country Club.
The first U.S. Open was considered something of a sideshow to the first U.S. Amateur, which was played on the same course and during the same week. Both championships had been scheduled for September but were postponed because of a conflict with a more established Newport sports spectacle, the America's Cup yacht races.
Ten professionals and one amateur started in the 36-hole competition, which was four trips around the Newport course in one day. The surprise winner was Horace Rawlins, 21, an English professional who was the assistant at the host course. Rawlins scored 91-82-173 with the gutta-percha ball.
Prize money totalled $335, of which Rawlins won the $150 first prize. He also received a gold medal and custody of the Open Championship Cup for his club for one year.
In its first decade, the U.S. Open was conducted for amateurs and the largely British wave of immigrant golf professionals coming to the United States.
As American players began to dominate the game, the U.S. Open evolved into an important world golf championship. Young John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner in 1911 and repeated as champion in 1912.
In 1913, the U.S. Open really took off when Francis Ouimet, a 20-year-old American amateur, stunned the golf world by defeating famous English professionals, Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, in a playoff.
Another surge in the championship's popularity coincided with the amazing career of Georgia amateur Bob Jones, who won the U.S. Open four times (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930). Spectator tickets were sold for the first time in 1922 and a boom in entries caused the USGA to introduce sectional qualifying in 1924.
In 1933, John Goodman became the fifth and last amateur to win the U.S. Open. The others were Ouimet, Jerome D. Travers (1915), Charles Evans Jr., (1916), and Jones.
In each era, the world's greatest players have been identified by surviving the rigorous examination provided by the U.S. Open. Ben Hogan's steely determination boosted him to four victories (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953). Arnold Palmer's record comeback win in 1960, when he fired a final round of 65 to come from seven strokes off the lead, cemented his dashing image. Jack Nicklaus' historic assault on the professional record book began when he won the first of his four U.S. Open Championships in 1962, his rookie season as a professional.
Nicklaus, who also won in 1967, 1972, and 1980, is one of only four golfers to win four U.S. Opens. The others are Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), Jones and Hogan.
In 1954, the U.S. Open course was roped from tee to green for the first time. That year also marked the first national television coverage. Coverage was expanded by ABC Sports in 1977 so that all 18 holes of the final two rounds were broadcast live. In 1982, on the ESPN cable network, the first two rounds were broadcast live for the first time. NBC began televising the U.S. Open in 1995.
The format of the U.S. Open has changed several times. The USGA extended the championship to 72 holes in 1898, with 36 holes played on each of two days. In 1926, the format was changed to 18 holes played each of two days, then 36 holes on the third day. In 1965, the present format of four 18-hole daily rounds was implemented for the first time.
In 2002, a two-tee (Nos. 1 and 10) start was used for the first and second rounds. In addition, Bethpage State Park's Black Course in Farmingdale, N.Y., was the first facility owned by the public to host a U.S. Open. International qualifying sites were added in 2005 and the champion at Pinehurst Resort in N.C. was Michael Campbell, who qualified in England.