2014 U.S. Open Championship Fact Sheet
June 12-15, 2014
Pinehurst Resort & Country Club (Course No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C. (www.pinehurst.com)
PAR AND YARDAGE
Pinehurst’s No. 2 Course will be set up at 7,562 yards and will play to a par of 35-35--70. For the 1999 U.S. Open Championship, Pinehurst No. 2 was a par 70 and played at 7,175 yards. For the 2005 U.S. Open Championship, Pinehurst No. 2 was 7,214 yards with a par of 70.
Donald Ross designed the course, which opened in 1907. The first nine holes were completed in 1901. Ross would fine-tune the layout several times through 1946. Rees Jones completed renovations prior to the 1999 U.S. Open. Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw restored the course to Ross’ original design, bringing back many of Ross’ original design characteristics. The restoration was completed in March 2011.
Based on the course setup for the championship, the USGA Course Rating is 76.0. Its Slope Rating is 147.
WHO CAN ENTER
The championship is open to any professional and any amateur golfer with a Handicap Index® not exceeding 1.4. The deadline for entries was April 23.
In 2014, the USGA accepted 10,127 entries, the highest total in U.S. Open history. The previous mark was set last year when 9,860 golfers entered. There were 9,086 entries filed in 2009, and 9,052 in 2010. In 2005, 9,048 golfers entered to play at Pinehurst No. 2.
Local qualifying, played over 18 holes, was conducted at 111 sites in the U.S. between May 2-19.
Sectional qualifying, played over 36 holes, was conducted at two international sites on May 26 (England, Japan) as well as 10 U.S. sites on June 2.
The starting field of 156 golfers will be cut after 36 holes to the low 60 scorers (and ties).
SCHEDULE OF PLAY
Eighteen holes of stroke play are scheduled each day from June 12 (Thursday) through June 15 (Sunday). In the event of a tie after 72 holes, an 18-hole playoff will be held on June 16 (Monday), beginning at noon (EDT).
Justin Rose became the first Englishman since Tony Jacklin in 1970 to win the U.S. Open Championship. Rose shot a final-round 70 at Merion Golf Club’s East Course, in Ardmore, Pa. He finished at 1-over 281, two strokes ahead of Australian Jason Day and Phil Mickelson, the 54-hole leader. Mickelson added to his record total with his sixth runner-up finish. Jason Dufner, who carded a 3-under 67 for the day’s low round, two U.S. Open titlist Ernie Els, Billy Horschel and Hunter Mahan tied for fourth at 5-over 285. Five players figured in the top of the leaderboard changing 19 times in the final round. Rose managed to avoid any double-bogeys during the championship. He made five birdies and five bogeys through 16 holes during the final round, then managed clutch pars at the brutal 17th and 18th -- the latter from just off the back of the green after a clutch approach from more than 250 yards out.
PLAYERS IN FIELD WITH MOST U.S. OPEN APPEARANCES (2014 included): Phil Mickelson (24), Ernie Els (22), Jim Furyk (20), Stewart Cink (19) and Steve Stricker (19).
ACTIVE CONSECUTIVE U.S. OPEN APPEARANCES (2014 included): Ernie Els (22), Phil Mickelson (21), Stewart Cink (19) and Jim Furyk (19).
Since 1991, only four champions have finished better than 15th in trying to defend their U.S. Open crowns. Tiger Woods tied for sixth in 2009 after capturing his third Open title at Torrey Pines G.C. (South Course) the previous year. Woods also tied for 12th in 2001 after winning his first Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links. Retief Goosen tied for 11th in 2005 following his second Open championship at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club. Graeme McDowell tied for 14th last year after winning the 2010 U.S. Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links. Seven champions missed the cut the next year during this period, including Rory McIlroy in 2012.
WHAT THE WINNER RECEIVES
Among the benefits enjoyed by the U.S. Open winner are:
A U.S. Open exemption for the next 10 years
An invitation to the next five Masters Tournaments
An invitation to the next five British Open Championships
An invitation to the next five PGA Championships
An invitation to the next five Players Championships
Exempt status on the PGA Tour for five years
QUALIFYING FOR THE OTHER MAJORS
The top 10 finishers (and ties) are exempt for the following year’s U.S. Open. The top four finishers (and ties) are invited to next year’s Masters Tournament.
This is the 114th U.S. Open Championship. The U.S. Open, which was first played in 1895, was not contested for two years (1917-18) during World War I and for four years (1942-45) during World War II. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open was 19-year-old John McDermott, who won in 1911; he is among eight players age 21 or younger who have won the U.S. Open. The oldest winner is Hale Irwin, who was 45 and playing on a special exemption when he won his third U.S. Open title in 1990. Irwin also won in 1974 and 1979.
There are four four-time U.S. Open winners: Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), amateur Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930), Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953), Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980).
Only five players have won the Masters and U.S. Open titles in the same year: Craig Wood (1941), Hogan (1951, 1953), Arnold Palmer (1960), Nicklaus (1972) and Tiger Woods (2002).
U.S. OPENS AT PINEHURST NO. 2
This is the third U.S. Open Championship and the seventh USGA championship to be conducted at Pinehurst Resort & Country Club (Course No. 2).
In 1999, Payne Stewart made a par-saving putt from 18 feet on the final hole to defeat Phil Mickelson by a single stroke en route to his second U.S. Open Championship. With an even-par round of 70, Stewart was the only player to finish under par for the championship, with a 1-under total of 279. Mickelson finished at even-par 280. Tiger Woods and Vijah Singh made bids for the lead in what was a four-man race on Sunday, but they each ended up two back at 1-over 281. Stewart used just 24 putts during the final round and one-putted the last three greens when it mattered most. He won two U.S. Opens and posted two runner-up finishes in the 1990s.
In 2005, Michael Campbell became the first New Zealander to win the U.S. Open when he made an important birdie from 25 feet on the par-3 17th that helped him off Tiger Woods by two strokes. He also was the first sectional qualifier to win the Open since Steve Jones in 1996. As 54-hole leader Retief Goosen slipped back, it quickly became a two-man battle, with Woods playing in the third-to-last group, just ahead of Campbell. Woods had struggled with his putting all week, but found the hole for birdies on holes 10, 11 and 15 to pull within two strokes of Campbell. Campbell answered the challenge with his birdie on No. 17, the third time he had birdied that hole in the championship.
USGA CHAMPIONSHIPS AT PINEHURST (COURSE NO. 2)
1962 U.S. Amateur: Labron E. Harris Jr. def. Downing Gray, 1 up
1989 U.S. Women’s Amateur: Vicki Goetze def. Brandie Burton, 4 and 3
1994 U.S. Senior Open: Simon Hobday by one stroke over Jim Albus and Graham Marsh, 274-275
1999 U.S. Open: Payne Stewart by one stroke over Phil Mickelson, 279-280
2005 U.S. Open: Michael Campbell by two strokes over Tiger Woods, 280-282
2008 U.S. Amateur: Danny Lee def. Drew Kittleson, 5 and 4
INTERNATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS AT PINEHURST (COURSE NO. 2)
1967 World Senior Amateur Team Championship: USA (discontinued after 1969)
1980 World Amateur Team: USA by 27 strokes over South Africa, 848-875
1980 Women’s World Amateur Team: USA by seven strokes over Australia, 588-595
OTHER CHAMPIONSHIPS AT PINEHURST (COURSE NO. 2)
1936 PGA Championship: Denny Shute def. Jimmy Thomson, 3 and 2
1951 Ryder Cup Match: USA def. Great Britain, 9 ½-2 ½
1982 Hall of Fame: Jay Haas def. John Adams, 276-276 (2nd playoff hole)
1991 Tour Championship: Craig Stadler def. Russ Cochran, 277-277 (2nd playoff hole)
1992 Tour Championship: Paul Azinger by three strokes over Lee Janzen, Corey Pavin, 276-279
USGA CHAMPIONSHIPS IN NORTH CAROLINA
The 2014 U.S. Open and the 2014 U.S. Women’s Open will be the 27th and 28th USGA championships to be conducted in North Carolina. The state has hosted 11 of the 13 USGA national championships. Some of the game’s greatest players have won USGA championships in North Carolina. Payne Stewart (1999) and Michael Campbell (2005) won U.S. Opens. Betty Jameson (1947), Annika Sorenstam (1996), Karrie Webb (2001) and Cristie Kerr (2007) claimed U.S. Women’s Opens.
USGA Championships in North Carolina
1947 U.S. Women’s Open: Starmount Forest Country Club (Betty Jameson)
1955 U.S. Women’s Amateur: Myers Park Country Club (Patricia Lesser)
1962 U.S. Amateur: Pinehurst Resort & Country Club, Course No. 2 (Labron E. Harris Jr.)
1972 U.S. Amateur: Charlotte Country Club (Marvin “Vinny” Giles)
1980 U.S. Amateur: Country Club of North Carolina (Hal Sutton)
1986 U.S. Amateur Public Links: Tanglewood Park (Billy Mayfair)
1989 U.S. Women’s Amateur: Pinehurst Resort & Country Club, Course No. 2 (Vicki Goetze)
1989 U.S. Girls’ Junior: Pine Needles Lodge & Golf Club (Brandie Burton)
1991 U.S. Senior Women’s Amateur: Pine Needles Lodge & Golf Club (Phyllis Preuss)
1994 U.S. Senior Open: Pinehurst Resort & Country Club, Course No. 2 (Simon Hobday)
1996 U.S. Women’s Open: Pine Needles Lodge & Golf Club (Annika Sorenstam)
1999 U.S. Open: Pinehurst Resort & Country Club, Course No. 2 (Payne Stewart)
1999 U.S. Women’s Amateur: Biltmore Forest Country Club (Dorothy Delasin)
2000 U.S. Women’s Amateur Public Links: Legacy Golf Links (Catherine Cartwright)
2000 U.S. Senior Amateur: Charlotte Country Club (Bill Shean Jr.)
2001 U.S. Women’s Open: Pine Needles Lodge & Golf Club (Karrie Webb)
2002 U.S. Senior Women’s Amateur: Mid Pines Inn & Golf Club (Carol Semple Thompson)
2005 U.S. Open: Pinehurst Resort & Country Club, Course No. 2 (Michael Campbell)
2006 U.S. Girls’ Junior: Carmel Country Club (Jenny Shin)
2007 U.S. Women’s Open: Pine Needles Lodge & Golf Club (Cristie Kerr)
2008 U.S. Amateur: Pinehurst Resort & Country Club, Course No. 2 (Danny Lee)
2010 U.S. Amateur Public Links: Bryan Park Golf & Conference Center (Lion Kim)
2010 U.S. Girls’ Junior: Country Club of North Carolina (Doris Chen)
2010 U.S. Women’s Amateur: Charlotte Country Club (Danielle Kang)
2013 U.S. Senior Amateur: Wade Hampton Golf Club (Doug Hanzel)
2013 U.S. Women’s Mid-Amateur: Biltmore Forest Country Club (Julia Potter)
FUTURE U.S. OPENS
June 18-21, 2015: Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash.
June 16-19, 2016: Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club
June 15-18, 2017: Erin Hills, Erin, Wis.
June 14-17, 2018: Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, Southampton, N.Y.
June 13-16, 2019: Pebble Beach (Calif.) Golf Links
June 18-21, 2020: Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y.
June 17-20, 2021: Torrey Pines Golf Course (South Course), San Diego, Calif.
LONGEST PAR 3s IN U.S. OPEN HISTORY
288 yards, 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 2007
256 yards, 3rd at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
253 yards, 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962
249 yards, 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1994
247 yards, 17th at Olympia Fields (Ill.) Country Club (North Course), 2003
246 yards, 17th at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
244 yards, 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1973
LONGEST PAR 4s IN U.S. OPEN HISTORY
528 yards, 16th at Pinehurst Resort & Country Club (Course No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014
525 yards, 7th at Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
523 yards, 18th at Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
521 yards, 18th at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
520 yards, 1st at The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 2012
515 yards, 6th at Torrey Pines (South Course), San Diego, Calif., 2008
514 yards, 9th at Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006
LONGEST PAR 5s IN U.S. OPEN HISTORY
670 yards, 16th at The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 2012
667 yards, 12th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 2007
642 yards, 5th at Southern Hills Country Club, Tulsa, Okla., 2001
640 yards, 12th at Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006
636 yards, 9th at Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
THE LAST TIME IT HAPPENED AT THE U.S. OPEN
Justin Rose: last international winner (2013)
Curtis Strange: last to defend title (1989)
Francis Ouimet: last winner in his first attempt (1913)
Webb Simpson: last winner in his second attempt (2012)
Rory McIlroy: last start-to-finish winner with no ties (2011)
a-Robert T. Jones Jr.: last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to win by one stroke (1926)
Tiger Woods: last winner to birdie the 72nd hole (2008)
Tiger Woods: last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to force a playoff (2008)
Geoff Ogilvy: last winner without a round in the 60s (2006)
Rory McIlroy: last winner with all rounds in the 60s (2011)
Webb Simpson: last winner between ages 20-29 (26 in 2012)
Justin Rose: last winner between ages 30-39 (32 in 2013)
Payne Stewart: last winner age 40 and higher (42 in 1999)
Rory McIlroy: last defending champion to miss the cut (2012)
Hale Irwin: last winner who received a special exemption (1990)
Lucas Glover: last winner to come through sectional qualifying (2009)
Orville Moody: last winner to come through local and sectional qualifying (1969)
John Goodman: last amateur winner (1933)
LIVE TELEVISION COVERAGE
The U.S. Open will receive at least 35 hours of live network coverage. NBC will air at least 19 hours of coverage throughout the championship and ESPN will air at least 16 hours over the first two days of play. More than 180 countries are part of U.S. Open TV coverage.
Date Network Broadcast Hours (Local/EDT)
June 12 ESPN/ESPN2 9 a.m.-3 p.m., 5-7 p.m.
NBC 3-5 p.m.
June 13 ESPN 9 a.m.-3 p.m., 5-7 p.m.
NBC 3-5 p.m.
June 14 NBC Noon-7:30 p.m.
June 15 NBC Noon-7:30 p.m.
June 16* ESPN Noon-2 p.m.
NBC 2 p.m. to conclusion
*If needed, an 18-hole playoff will be scheduled
EXEMPTION LIST (as of June 6)
The following 72 golfers are fully exempt into the 2014 U.S. Open.
2014 U.S. Open Exemption List (as of June 6):
8, 12, 13
7, 12, 13
11, 12, 13
1, 7, 9, 13
11, 12, 13
5, 6, 11, 12, 13
Brendon de Jonge
11, 12, 13
7, 11, 12, 13
6, 11, 13
1, 11, 12, 13
5, 12, 13
5, 12, 13
1, 12, 13
11, 12, 13
11, 12, 13
Miguel Angel Jimenez
7, 8, 13
Bold – U.S. Open champion
Key to Player Exemptions
- Winners of the U.S. Open Championship the last ten years (2004-13)
- Winner and runner-up of the 2013 U.S. Amateur Championship (must be an amateur)
- Winner of the 2013 British Amateur Championship
- Winner of the 2013 Mark H. McCormack Medal (top-ranked in WAGR & must be an amateur)
- Winners of the Masters Tournament the last five years (2010-14)
- Winners of the British Open Championship the last five years (2009-13)
- Winners of the PGA Championship the last five years (2009-13)
- Winner of the Players Championship the last three years (2012-14)
- Winner of the 2014 European Tour BMW PGA Championship
- Winner of the 2013 U.S. Senior Open Championship
- From the 2013 U.S. Open Championship, the 10 lowest scorers and anyone tying for 10th place
- Those players who qualified for the season-ending 2013 Tour Championship
- Top 60 point leaders and ties from the Official World Golf Ranking, as of May 26, 2014
- Top 60 point leaders and ties from the Official World Golf Ranking, as of June 9, 2014
- Special exemptions selected by the USGA